Literature

[1] Moyen, E., Camiré, E., Stelfox, H.T., 2008. Clinical review: Medication errors in critical care. Critical Care, 12:208.

 

[2] Expert Group on Safe Medication Practices (P-SP-PH/SAFE), 2006. Creation of a better medication safety culture in Europe: Building up safe medication practices. [Online] The Council of Europe Committee.

 

[3] Lægemiddelstyrelsen, 2004. Brug medicinen bedre. Perspektiver i klinisk farmaci. Rapport fra Lægemiddelstyrelsens arbejdsgruppe om klinisk farmaci. [Online] Lægemiddelstyrelsen.

 

[4] Taxis, K., Barber, N., 2003. Ethnographic study of incidence and severity of intravenous drug errors. BMJ, 326, b.684.

 

[5] Taxis, K., Barber, N., 2004. Causes of intravenous medication errors – observation of nurses in a German hospital. J Public Health, 12, pp.132–138.

 

[6] Valentin, A., Capuzzo, M., Guidet, B., Moreno, R., Metnitz, B., Bauer, P., Metnitz, P., 2005. Errors in administration of parenteral drugs in intensive care units: multinational prospective study. BMJ, 338, b.814.

 

[7] Cousins, D.H., Sabatier, B., Begue, D., Schmitt, C., Hoppe-Tichy, T., 2005. Medication errors in intravenous drug preparation and administration: a multicentre audit in the UK, Germany and France. Quel Saf Health Care, 14, pp.190-195.

 

ISO Standards

DS/EN ISO 7886-1 Sterile hypodermic syringes for single use – Part 1: Syringes for manual use

Abstract:

Specifies requirements (cleanliness, limits for acidity and alkalinity, limits for extractable metals, lubricant, tolerance on graduated capacity, graduated scale, barrel, piston/plunger assembly, nozzle, performance, packaging, labelling) for sterile single-use hypodermic syringes made of plastic materials and intended for the aspiration of fluids or for the injection of fluids immediately after filling. Excludes e.g. syringes for use with insulin, single-use syringes made of glass.

 

DS/EN ISO 7886-2 Sterile hypodermic syringes for single use – Part 2: Syringes for use with power-driven syringe pumps

Abstract:

Specifies requirements for sterile single-use hypodermic syringes of nominal capacity 5 ml and above, made of plastics materials and intended for use with power-driven syringe pumps. Does not apply to syringes for use with insulin, single-use syringes made of glass, syringes prefilled with the injection by the manufacturer and syringes supplied with the injection as a doctors kit.